Ruan Detox Immersion Program


(1) Raghupathi and Raghupathi. "An Empirical Study of Chronic Diseases in the United States: A Visual Analytics Approach to Public Health." International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2018 Mar; 15(3): 431. Published online 2018 Mar 1. doi: 10.3390/ijerph15030431.

(2) Skakkebaek, Niels E. et al. "Male Reproductive Disorders and Fertility Trends: Influences of Environment and Genetic Susceptibility." American Physiological SocietyPhysiol Rev. 2016 Jan; 96(1): 55–97. Published online 2015 Nov 18. doi: 10.1152/physrev.00017.2015: 10.1152/physrev.00017.2015.


Several chronic diseases—including, cancer, diabetes, hypertension, stroke, heart disease, respiratory diseases, arthritis, obesity, and oral diseases—have increased both within the United States and worldwide. Chronic diseases not only decrease quality of life and can shorten lifespans (responsible for seven out of 10 deaths in the U.S., killing more than 1.7 million Americans each year), but they also comprise nearly 75 percent of aggregate healthcare spending in the U.S. alone. For individual Americans, chronic diseases cost an estimated $5,300 per person annually, according to the Centers for Disease Control.(1)

Concurrently, while there is much about our reproductive health that is not fully understood, the trends have attracted studies. For example, total fertility rates (TFR, average number of live births per woman) have declined during the 20th century in industrialized countries worldwide—in European Union, Japan, and the United States. Hong Kong and Singapore have had TFR significantly below replacement level for decades. While the decreasing TFR and fecundity (capacity to conceive) are still not fully understood, toxic exposures are being studied for their potential influence.(2)